QS Europe Rankings Methodology

QS World University Rankings: Europe Methodology

Discover the top universities in Europe with the QS World University Rankings: Europe 2025.​​​​​​

684 universities have been included in this year's Europe rankings, from over 40 countries/territories.

ETH Zurich is the best university in Europe according to this ranking, finishing ahead of Imperial College London and the University of Oxford which are ranked second and third respectively.

The rest of the top 10 is completed by the University of Cambridge, UCL, the University of Edinburgh, the University of Manchester, King's College London, Université PSL and EPFL – École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne.

By H. Young

Updated July 10, 2024 Updated July 10

Starting from calendar year 2023, we have been publishing the QS World University Rankings: Europe. This allows a deeper look into European institutions, using a methodology familiar to our other regional rankings.

The regional remit for this ranking is those countries which are members of the Council of Europe

The inclusion criteria is the same for our general rankings suite. 

With our EECA ranking now discontinued, this ranking incorporates the majority of those countries that featured in EECA, as well as including countries from Northern, Southern and Western Europe that were previously only eligible for publication in our QS World University Ranking. 

Academic Reputation 30%
Employer Reputation 15%
Citations per Paper 10%
Papers per Faculty 5%
International Research Network 10%
Employment Outcomes 5%
Faculty Student Ratio 5%
International Student Diversity  5%
International Faculty Ratio 5%
Inbound Exchange Student Ratio 2.5%
Outbound Exchange Student Ratio 2.5%
Sustainability Score 5%


Paper threshold

100 or more papers must be documented in our Scopus extract over our 5 year window. See Papers for more details.

This article was originally published in September 2023 . It was last updated in July 2024

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